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Question

What is metabolism and metabolic waste?


Solution

Metabolism is a term that is used to describe all chemical reactions involved in maintaining the living state of the cells and the organism. Metabolism can be conveniently divided into two categories:

  • Catabolism - the breakdown of molecules to obtain energy
  • Anabolism - the synthesis of all compounds needed by the cells

Metabolism is closely linked to nutrition and the availability of nutrients. Bioenergetics is a term which describes the biochemical or metabolic pathways by which the cell ultimately obtains energy. Energy formation is one of the vital components of metabolism.

Matabolic Waste - 
Metabolic waste is the left over products of both catabolism and anabolism. This waste includes salts, phosphates, sulfates, excess substances, and nitrogenous wastes like urea which are eliminated through urine.


Biology

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