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Question

What is nuclear fission ? Explain with an example. Write the equation of the nuclear reaction involved.


Solution

The process in which the heavy nucleus of a radioactive atom(such as uranium) splits up into smaller nuclei when bombarded with low energy neutrons, is called nuclear fission.
E.g., When uranium-235 atoms are bombarded with slow moving neutrons, the heavy uranium nucleus breaks up to produce two medium-weighted atoms and 3 neutrons, with the emission of tremendous amount of energy.
straight U presubscript 92 presuperscript 235 space plus space straight n presubscript 0 presuperscript 1 space rightwards arrow with Fission on top Ba presubscript 56 presuperscript 141 space plus space Kr presubscript 36 presuperscript 92 space plus 3 thin space straight n presubscript 0 presuperscript 1 space plus space tremendous space amount space of space Energy.
 

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