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Question

What is relationship between egret and cattle?

A
Commensalism
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B
Protocooperation
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C
Mutualism
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D
Parasitism
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Solution

The correct option is B Protocooperation
Protocooperation is a type of interaction between two organisms of different species in which both are benefited but the relation is not obligatory.
For example:
Predatory bird (erget) sit on cattle is an example of protocooperation as the erget (bird) feed on ectoparasites like leech, lice,etc.
Egrets remove parasitic ticks from the cattle and those ticks that feed on upon cattle blood which can transmit various diseases. In return the egrets acquire some of their nutrient from the consumed ticks. Both egrets and cattle hence share benefits.
Hence, answer is "protocooperation".

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