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What is the difference between cytoplasm and cell membrane?


Solution

 
The cell is the highly organized basic building block of the living organisms. Cell membrane and cytoplasm are two major components of a cell. Their function and structure are highly important for the survival and development of the living cell. The cell membrane is a dynamic, delicate, two-layered structure made up of lipids and proteins. The main function of the cell membrane is the regulation of the movements of substances in and out of the cell. Cytoplasm is the semifluid matrix located inside the plasma membrane and outside of the nucleus in which all the other cell organelles are embedded. The key difference between Cell Membrane and Cytoplasm is, the cell membrane is the semi-permeable protective cover that encloses the entire cell including the cytoplasm while the cytoplasm is the transparent jelly-like semi-fluid present within the cell membrane and nucleus that fills the entire cell.

  What is the Difference Between Cell Membrane and Cytoplasm?
Cell Membrane vs Cytoplasm
The cell membrane is defined as the double-layered phospholipids membrane that separates the interior of the cell from the outside environment. The cytoplasm is defined as the jelly-like semi-fluid presents inside the plasma membrane.
 Function
Cell membrane protects the cell and gives a definite shape to the cell. Cytoplasm holds the cell organelles and acts as a reaction media for metabolic reactions.
Protoplasm
The cell membrane is not a part of the protoplasm Cytoplasm and nucleus are the parts of the protoplasm.
 Movement of Substances
The cell membrane has tiny pores that control the movement of the various substances across the membrane. Cytoplasm does not involve in the control of the movement of the various substances across the membrane.
Separation from the Outside Environment
Cell membrane separates the cells from one another and from the outside environment. Cytoplasm does not separate the cells from one another and from the outside environment.
Stored and Released Energy
The energy is not released and stored in the cell membrane. The energy is released and stored in the cytoplasm.
Cell Adhesion and Ion Conductivity
The cell membrane is the main site that involves in cell adhesion and ion conductivity. Cytoplasm does not involve in cell adhesion and ion conductivity.

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