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Question

What is vertical power-sharing?


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Solution

Vertical division of power refers to the sharing of power among different government levels – union, state and local government.

Power-sharing

Power-sharing is an arrangement wherein powers and responsibilities are divided among different organs, levels and social groups. The two most popular forms are – Horizontal Power Sharing and Vertical Power Sharing.

  • The horizontal power-sharing is a division of power amidst various government organs, which are equally placed.
  • Vertical power-sharing is a division of power amidst different levels of the government.

Vertical power-sharing

In this vertical sharing, the local government will work under the union or the state government and the state government will work under the union government. Power is shared among the different levels of the governments. In India, we refer to it as the Central Government, State Governments, Municipality, Gram Panchayat etc. Each unit is the sub-unit of the parent central body. The central body keeps a check on the sub-units.


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