The correct options are
A The chimneys of the factories could be fitted with filters.
B The paper mills can find ways to make pulp out of used paper.
C The solid waste produced by the factories could be broken down as compost or fertiliser.
D Paper mills and other factories can have effluent treatment plants.
To curb environmental pollution, factories can be employed with effluent treatment plants, using solid waste as fertilisers and fixing chimneys with filters. To reduce the deforestation, the paper mills can find ways to make pulp out of used paper.