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Question

When fast moving alpha particles are made to fall on a thin gold foil, most of them go straight through the foil because:


A
alpha particles are much heavier than electrons
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B
alpha particles are positively charged
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C
most part of the atom is empty space
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D
alpha particles move with high velocity
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Solution

The correct option is C most part of the atom is empty space
Most of the $$\alpha-$$particles in Rutherford's experiment passed through the gold foil without getting deflected. Based on this, Rutherford concluded that most of the space inside the atom is empty.

Chemistry

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