The correct option is D Workers were forced leave their families and migrate to urban areas in search of jobs.
Industrialisation transformed the British economy from an agrarian to an industrial economy. Although new methods and machinery simplified work and increased output, industrialization introduced new problems as well. Industrialisation caused air and water pollution and soil contamination that resulted in a significant deterioration of quality of life and life expectancy. Industrialization also exacerbated the separation of labor and capital. Those who owned the means of production became disproportionately rich, resulting in wider income inequality. Workers were forced leave their families and migrate to urban areas in search of jobs. They worked long hours and were underpaid. They lived in overcrowded conditions, which led to disease and stress.