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Question

Which are the different types of maps? What do they show?

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Solution

There are three different types of maps:
  • Physical map: This map represents the physical landscape (features) of a particular place. The features are represented with varied colours; for example, rivers, lakes, oceans, seas and other water bodies are represented with blue colour and elevations like mountains, plateaus and hills are shown with different colours and shades.
  • Political map: It does not show geographical features. It shows the political boundaries of a particular place, e.g. national and state boundaries of a place. These boundaries depict the locations of cities as per the details given on the map.
  • Thematic map: This map focuses on one specific theme, which could be rivers, roads, highways, airports or railways.

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