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Question

Which hydrogen bond is stronger intermolecular or intramolecular?


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Solution

Hydrogen bond:

  • A hydrogen (H) atom is covalently bound to a more electronegative atom.

Intermolecular and Intramolecular Hydrogen Bond:

  • The forces that regulate interactions among molecules are known as intermolecular forces.
  • An intramolecular force is any force that holds the atoms of a molecule or compound together.
  • Intermolecular forces are weaker as compared to intramolecular forces, which bind a molecule together.
  • Actual electron sharing takes place in an intramolecular hydrogen bond.
  • Therefore, it is stronger than the intermolecular hydrogen bond.
  • Intermolecular forces, which occur between unbonded atoms or molecules, are usually weaker than these forces.

Final Answer:

An intramolecular hydrogen bond is much stronger.


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