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Question

Which of the following are instances of efforts to preserve genetic diversity?

A
Establishment of gene banks and seed banks by the government
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B
Fishing industries using only one dominant species of fish that yields the maximum meat
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C
Agricultural scientists selectively breeding wheat to find a strain that is resistant to higher temperatures
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D
The government setting up tiger reserves and national parks
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Solution

The correct option is D The government setting up tiger reserves and national parks
The genetic diversity of plants and animals makes them more adaptable to diverse kinds of environmental changes. It is needed to safeguard vital traits that could help them fight unexpected pests and environmental stresses. Seed banks, protected areas, and enabling beneficial traits in crops are all ways in which genetic diversity can be enhanced and preserved. Monocultures, however, are detrimental to genetic diversity. The restricted breeding and planting of a single species can throw the ecosystem out of balance.

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