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Question

Which of the following are not in-situ conservation?
$$1$$. Zoological Park
$$2$$. Sanctuaries
$$3$$. Botanical garden
$$4$$. National Park
Select the correct answer using the codes given.


A
1 and 3
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B
2 only
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C
2,3 and 4
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D
1 and 4
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Solution

The correct option is C $$1$$ and $$3$$
In-situ conservation is the on-site conservation or the conservation of genetic resources in natural populations of plant or animal species. It is the process of protecting an endangered plant or animal species in its natural habitat, either by protecting or restoring the habitat itself or by defending the species from predators. Examples - Sanctuaries and National Parks.

Ex situ conservation literally means, "off-site conservation". It is the process of protecting an endangered species, variety or breed, of plant or animal outside of its natural habitat; for example, by removing part of the population from a threatened habitat and placing it in a new location, which may be a wild area or within the care of humans.  Examples - Zoological Park and Botanical Garden.

So the correct option is '1 and 3'.


Biology

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