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Question

Which of the following condition is not satisfied by an ideal solution?

A
ΔHmixing=0
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B
ΔVmixing=0
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C
Raoult's law is obeyed
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D
Formation of an azetropic mixture
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Solution

The correct option is D Formation of an azetropic mixture
Explanation :
Those solutions in which solute-solute (B-B) and solvent-solvent (A-A) intersections are almost similar to solvent-solvent (A-B) interactions are called ideal solutions. These solutions satisfy the following requirements:

(i) ΔHmix=0
(ii) ΔVmix=0
(iii) They obey Raoult's law for all range of concentration and temperature. Examples of Ideal solution. Hexane + Heptane, Ethyl bromide + Ethyl chloride, Chlorobenzene + Bromobenzene, Benzene + Toluene etc.

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