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Question

Which of the following is correct with respect to the cortical nephron?
  1. Henle’s loop extends deep into the medulla 
  2. Henle's loop extends very little into the medulla
  3. Majority of them are cortical nephrons
  4. Both b and c


Solution

The correct option is D Both b and c
Nephron is the functional unit of the kidney. There are two types of nephrons - cortical and juxtamedullary nephrons.
In the majority of nephrons, the loop of Henle is short and extends only very little into the medulla. Such nephrons are called cortical nephrons.
In a few nephrons the Henle's loop extends deep into the medulla such nephrons are called juxtamedullary nephrons. 

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