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Question

Which of the following segments of a sarcomere do not decrease in length during muscular contraction?


A
i – band
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B
a– band
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C
z – line
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D
h – zone
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Solution

The correct options are
B a– band
D h – zone

When a sarcomere shortens, some regions shorten whereas others stay the same length. A sarcomere is defined as the distance between two consecutive Z discs or Z lines; when muscle contracts, the distance between the Z-discs is reduced. The H zone—the central region of the A zone—contains only thick filaments and is shortened during contraction. The I band contains only thin filaments and also shortens. The A band does not shorten—it remains the same length—but A bands of different sarcomeres move closer together during contraction, eventually disappearing. Thin filaments are pulled by the thick filaments toward the centre of the sarcomere until the Z discs approach the thick filaments. The zone of overlap, in which thin filaments and thick filaments occupy the same area, increases as the thin filaments move inward.


Biology

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