Which of the following statements about the Vice- President of India is / are correct?
A. He is ex – officio chairman of the Rajya Sabha
B. He must be member of the Rajya Sabha for his/ her election as Vice – President
C. He is elected by members of both houses of Parliament and the state Legilative Assemblies.
D. If the President resigns or dies, the Vice – President officiates as President for not more than Six months
A and D
The Vice President of India is the second-highest constitutional office in India, after the President. Article 63 of Indian Constitution states that there shall be a Vice-President of India. The Vice President shall act as President in the absence of the President due to death, resignation, impeachment, or other situations. The Vice President of India is also ex officio Chairperson of the Rajya Sabha.
Article 66 of the Indian Constitution states the manner of election of the Vice-President. The Vice-President is elected indirectly by members of an electoral college consisting of the members of both Houses of Parliament in accordance with the system of Proportional Representation by means of the Single transferable vote and the voting is by secret ballot.
1. In order to be qualified to be elected as Vice President, a person must:
2. Have completed more than 35 years of age
3. Not hold any office of profit
4. While in order to be a President, a person must be qualified for election as a member of the Lok Sabha (House of Peoples), the Vice President must be qualified for election as a member of the Rajya Sabha (Council of States).
The Vice President is elected indirectly, by an electoral college consisting of members of both houses of the Parliament. The election of the Vice President is slightly different from the election of the President as the members of state legislatures are not part of the electoral college for the Vice Presidential election.
The nomination of a candidate for election to the office of the Vice President must be subscribed by at least 20 electors as proposers and 20 electors as seconders. Every candidate has to make a security deposit of Rs.15,000 in the Reserve Bank of India.
The Election Commission of India, which is a constitutional autonomous body, conducts the election.