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Question

Which one has grater bond length alkanes. alkenes or alkynes and why?


Solution

Solution:-
Alkanes has greater bond length.
Hybridization influences bond length. Greater the $$s$$-character, closer the orbitals are to the nucleus and hence forms shorter bonds.
Since alkanes are $$s{p}^{3}$$ hybridised, i.e., it has just $$25 \% \; s$$-character which is least among all, i.e., alkanes, alkenes and alkynes, therefore it has greater bond length.


Chemistry

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