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Question

Which was the policy of the British East India Company under which, if the ruler of a princely state or territory under the paramountcy of the Company died without a natural heir, the state/territory would automatically be annexed to the British empire?
  1. Subsidiary Alliance
  2. Mahalwari System
  3. Doctrine of Lapse
  4. Ryotwari System


Solution

The correct option is C Doctrine of Lapse
The Doctrine of Lapse was the policy of the British East India Company in India until 1859 under which, if the ruler of a princely state or territory under the leadership of the Company died without a natural heir, the state/territory would automatically be annexed to the British empire. It was used as an administration policy for extension of British paramountcy.

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