Why did the Anandpur Sahib Resolution become controversial?

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Anandpur Sahib Resolution was a political statement made by Akalis in the wake of their demand for political autonomy. In 1973, the Akalis passed a resolution that, in a way, has been regarded as the main policy and programme of the Akali Dal. The resolution stated the following:

a. The Anandpur Sahib Resolution asserted regional autonomy and wanted to redefine Centre-state relationship in the country.

b. The resolution also spoke of the aspirations of the Sikh qaum (community or nation) and declared its goal as attaining the bolbala (dominance or hegemony) of the Sikhs.

c. The Resolution was a plea for strengthening federalism.

The resolution became highly controversial because of the following reasons:

a. The resolution created a big stir in 1980s after the Akali government had been dismissed in 1980, thereafter launching an agitation.

b. The Akalis questioned the water-sharing arrangement between Punjab and Haryana.

c. They began to assert for independent Sikh identity.

d. The Akali Dal and a religious leader, Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, joined to launch the Dharam Yudh Morcha in 1982 in order to implement the Anandpur Sahib Resolution.

e. The extreme elements made the demand for a separate Sikh nation of Khalistan.

f. The document was looked by the ruling congress that viewed it as secessionist document and regarded Akalis as a separatist.

g. It later resulted in the rise of Sikh militancy that turned Golden temple into its headquarters under the leadership of Bindrawala making more pressing demand for a separate Sikh state, resulting in Operation Blue star.

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