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Question

Why is AIDS considered to be a 'Syndrome' and not a disease?


Solution

Syndrome is a set of symptoms occurring together or a group of signs or changes in the body forming a symptom complex. AIDS is caused by HIV that enters into human body mainly through sexual contact and blood transfusion. HIV damages immune system of the body so that the body fails to resist even the minor infections. An AIDS patient may suffer from diarrhoea, blood loss, cold and cough, fever, weight loss, depression, pneumonia, loss of memory, rashes in body, etc. Since, there is no specific symptom for AIDS, rather it is a symptom complex, therefore, it is considered as syndrome and not a disease.

Biology

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