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Why is power sharing desirable?


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Solution

Power-sharing is a vital ingredient of any constitution. Power-sharing makes sure that there is an optimum balance between different sections of society. Every state should have some form of power-sharing. The chances of controversies and opportunities for every citizen increase. Power-sharing has its value in democracy. This ensures the stability of political order.

Why power sharing is desirable?

Power-sharing is desirable due to the following reasons

  • It helps to reduce the possibility of conflict and clashes between social groups.
  • Secondly, a democratic rule involves sharing power with those affected by its exercise, and who have to live with its effects.
  • People will have a right to be consulted on how they are to be governed and can change the power in the next upcoming years.

Forms of power-sharing

There are different forms of power-sharing in modern democracies which are listed below

  • Horizontal distribution of power – Power is shared among different organs of government, such as the legislature, executive, and judiciary. Example – India This distribution ensures that none of the organs can exercise and utilize unlimited power. Every organ keeps an eye on the others. This system of arrangement is called a system of checks and balances.
  • The federal division of power – Power can be shared among governments at different levels. A general central government for the entire country and governments at the provincial or state and regional level. For example – Indian Union Government is the central government & State Government.
  • Community government – Power can also be shared among different socially active groups such as the religious and linguistic groups. Example – Belgium
  • Power-sharing between political parties, pressure groups, and movements – This kind of power-sharing competition ensures that power does not remain in one single hand. For a longer duration, power is shared among different political parties that represent different ideologies and social groups.

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