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Question

Why is sulphuric acid known as king of chemicals and oil of vitriol?


Solution

Sulphuric acid is known as the king of chemicals because of its wide industrial application. It plays an important role in the manufacturing process. It is used for the manufacturing of hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, disinfectants, perfumes, paper, drugs, cellophane dyes, fertilizers. It is also used in petroleum industry to remove sulphur compounds from petrol, kerosene and lubricants.
It is also called the "oil of vitriol" due to its oily appearance and its presence in vitreous or glassy substances such as ferrous sulphate and alum.


Chemistry
Frank Chemistry - II
Standard X

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