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Question

Why is water called the 'universal solvent'?


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Solution

Water:

  1. Water is called a ‘universal solvent' because water can dissolve much more substances than any other liquid found in nature but water cannot dissolve every substance.
  2. For example- water cannot dissolve fats, waxes, and hydroxides due to the low solubility of oppositely charged particles.

Reasons for the solvency of water are:

  1. Water molecules consist of a polar arrangement of hydrogen and oxygen atom.
  2. Hydrogen present on one side has a positive charge while the oxygen atom carries a negative charge.
  3. These charges help the water molecule to bind to different types of molecules.

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