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Question

Why the solubility of alkyl / aryl group decreases with increase in size?


Solution

Solubility of  alkyl / aryl group in water depends upon the following the factors Hydrogen bonding.

Greater the extent of H-bonding, higher is the solubility.

Size of the alkyl/aryl group. Higher the hydrocarbon part, lower is the extent of H-bonding and hence lower is the solubility. 

Hence, the solubility of alkyl / aryl group decreases with increase in size.

Chemistry

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