With reference to Kalamkari, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. Kalamkari is an ancient style of mechanized painting done on cotton or silk fabric.
2. There are two identifiable styles of Kalamkari art in India – Srikalahasti style and Machilipatnam style.
3. It uses the natural dyes and is famous in the states of Rajasthan and Gujrat.
Kalamkari is an ancient style of hand painting done on cotton or silk fabric with a tamarind pen, using natural dyes. The word Kalamkari is derived from a Persian word where ‘kalam‘ means pen and ‘kari‘ refers to craftsmanship.
There are two identifiable styles of Kalamkari art in India – Srikalahasti style and Machilipatnam style.
In the Machilipatnam style of Kalamkari, motifs are essentially printed with hand-carved traditional blocks with intricate detailing painted by hands.
On the other hand, Srikalahasti style of painting draws inspiration from the Hindu mythology describing scenes from the epics and folklore. This style holds a strong religious connect because of its origin in the temples.