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The Indian National Movement cannot be kept aloof from the most crucial developments after world war came to an end and the era of Labour Party ushered in. Hence the foregoing account is not ignorable.

In fact, it is the most momentous part of the Indian History. The Cabinet Mission landed at Karachi airport on March 23, 1946 and arrived at Delhi the next day, Lord Pathick Lawrence stated at Karachi…”We are convinced that India is on the threshold of a very great future”.

Cripps also emphasized “We have not come to adjudicate between rival claims in India but to find out the means for the transfer of power to Indian hands…we have come with an open mind to investigate and inquire.” The commission set to work with immediate effect. In all, 472 leaders were interviewed.

The representatives of all shades of opinion were heard. The Congress and the Muslim League were, however, given main considerations. After prolonged discussions at New Delhi, a tripartite conference was held at Shimla.

The Congress, the Muslim League, and the Commission including the Viceroy met at Shimla on May 2, 1946 and a number of formal and informal conferences took place till May, 12. After about two weeks, the Commission came back to Delhi.

Since the Indian political parties could not come to an agreed settlement, the Cabinet Mission held discussions among themselves and framed their proposals. These proposals embodied in Cabinet Mission Plan were announced by Mr. Attlee in the House of Commons on May 16, 1946. Later, on June 16, 1946 procedure for the formation of Interim Government was also outlined. A failure of Indian political parties to come to an agreement was a writing on the wall.

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