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Question

Write the balanced equations for the following reactions, and add the state symbols :

(a) Magnesium carbonate reacts with hydrochloric acid to produce magnesium chloride, carbon dioxide and water.

(b) Sodium hydroxide reacts with sulphuric acid to produce sulphate and water

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Solution

(a)

M g C O subscript 3 space left parenthesis s right parenthesis end subscript plus 2 H C l subscript left parenthesis l right parenthesis end subscript rightwards arrow M g C l subscript 2 space left parenthesis a q right parenthesis end subscript plus C O subscript 2 space left parenthesis g right parenthesis end subscript plus H subscript 2 O subscript left parenthesis l right parenthesis end subscript
(b)

2 N a left parenthesis O H right parenthesis subscript 2 space left parenthesis s right parenthesis end subscript plus H subscript 2 S O subscript 4 space left parenthesis a q right parenthesis end subscript rightwards arrow N a subscript 2 S O subscript 4 space left parenthesis a q right parenthesis end subscript plus 2 H subscript 2 O subscript left parenthesis l right parenthesis end subscript

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