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Question

X is a sweet smelling substance. X reacts with $$NaOH$$ to form Y and salt of Z. This reaction is known as saponification reaction. X, Y and Z are respectively:


A
Ether, alcohol and acetone
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B
Alcohol, ether and carboxylic acid
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C
Ester, alcohol and carboxylic acid
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D
Ester, acetone and metal
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Solution

The correct option is C Ester, alcohol and carboxylic acid
Here is an example of saponification reaction.
$$CH_{3}COOC_{2}H_{5} + NaOH \rightarrow C_{2} H_{5}OH + CH_{3} COONa $$ 
  (Ester)                                            (alcohol)         (salt of carboxylic acid)

Therefore, X is an ester, Y is an alcohol and Z is a salt of carboxylic acid. 
Option C is correct. 

Chemistry
NCERT
Standard XII

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