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Question

X is taking up subjects - Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry in the examination. His probabilities of getting grade A in these subjects are 0.2, 0.3 and 0.5 respectively. Find the probability that he gets
(i) Grade A in all subjects
(ii) Grade A in no subject
(iii) Grade A in two subjects.

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Solution

PA grade in Maths=PA=0.2PA grade in Physics=PB=0.3PA grade in Chemistry=PC=0.5i Pgrade A in all subjects=PA×PB×PC=0.2×0.3×0.5=0.03ii Pgrade A in no subject=PA¯×PB¯×PC¯=1-0.2×1-0.3×1-0.5=0.8×0.7×0.5=0.28iii Pgrade A in two subjects=Pnot grade A in Maths+Pnot grade A in Physics+Pnot grade A in Chemistry=PA×PB×PC+PA×PB×PC+PA×PB×PC=1-0.2×0.3×0.5+0.2×1-0.3×0.5+0.2×0.3×1-0.5=0.8×0.3×0.5+0.2×0.7×0.5+0.2×0.3×0.5=0.12+0.07+0.03=0.22

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