A compound X is formed by the reaction of a carboxylic acid C2H4O2 and an alcohol in the presence of a few drops of H2SO4. The alcohol on oxidation with alkaline KMnO4 followed by acidification gives the same carboxylic acid as used in this reaction. Give the names and structures of (a) carboxylic acid, (b) alcohol and (c) the compound X. Also write the reaction.


Carboxylic acid is ethanoic acid (CH3COOH)

carboxylic acid

Alcohol is ethanol (CH3CH2OH)


X is ethyl ethanoate (CH3COOCH2CH3)

ethyl thanoate

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