A Van de graph generator is used to accelerate charged particles and sterilising food.
A Van de Graaff generator is an electrostatic-accelerator that is used for scientific experiments to generate high voltages in less time with a great safety factor. The generated charges are employed to speed up subatomic particles. The Van de graph generator works on the principle of a high potential difference is built up and supported on a smooth conducting surface by the constant transfer of positive static charges from a moving belt to the surface.
Uses of Van de graph generator
- Particle accelerators
It is used in particle accelerator. The high energy produced by the generator accelerates the subatomic particles present in the tube.
- Sterilizing food
The accelerated electrons helps in sterilising of food and process the material further.