(a) Why did Mendel choose pea plants for his experiments? Give any five reasons. (b) State Mendel's law of independent assortment.

Answer:

Mendel is known as the father of modern genetic because of genetic experiment with Pea or Pisum Sativum.

(a) The reason for the selection of pea plants for the genetic experiments are

  • Easy to grow in the garden.
  • The flowers of pea plants are hermaphrodite, i.e flowers have bisexual characteristics.
  • Easy to obtain pure breed plant through self-fertilization
  • The generation time of pea plants is less.
  • They have excellent disease resistance and have an optimal rate of survival.

(b) The law of independent assortment states that the alleles of different genes are inherited independently within the organisms that reproduce sexually.

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