After reading the example of the reservation order, three students had different reactions about the role of the judiciary. Which view, according to you, is a correct reading of the role of judiciary? a) Srinivas argues that since the Supreme Court agreed with the government, it is not independent. b) Anjaiah says that judiciary is independent because it could have given a verdict against the government order. The Supreme Court did direct the government to modify it. c) Vijaya thinks that the judiciary is neither independent nor conformist, but acts as a mediator between opposing parties. The court struck a good balance between those who supported and those who opposed the order.

Answer: The correct answer is option (B) 

  • Neither the Legislature nor the Executive can control the Judiciary in India.
  • The ruling party or government cannot direct the judges of courts.
  • If the courts find that any of the laws of central government or state governments are unconstitutional, then the courts can declare those laws as invalid.
  • The core principles or the basic principles of the Indian constitution cannot be changed, as per the ruling of the Supreme Court of India.
  • Indian Judiciary consists of the courts at local level, District Courts, High Courts for the states, Supreme Court for the entire nation. Judiciary is nothing but all the courts in India functioning at different levels in India.
  • The decision taken by the Supreme Court of India is binding on all other courts of India.
  • The Supreme Court can take up any dispute that arises between the state governments and the central government.
  • The Supreme Court can take up any dispute that arises between two or more state governments.
  • The Supreme Court can take up any dispute that arises between the Government and the citizens.
  • The Supreme Court can take up any dispute that arises between citizens.
  • In consultation with the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, and on advice of the Prime Minister, the judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts are appointed by the President of India.
  • The Constitution of India can be interpreted by the Supreme Court and High Courts.

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