Ethanol is a plant fermentation by-product which is natural and it can also be produced through the hydration of ethylene.
- Ethanol is in the liquid form at room temperature and it has a melting point of 156K and a boiling point of 351 K.
- It is one of the most active elements of all alcoholic beverages.
- As it is a very strong solvent, it is also used in producing several medications like tonics, cough syrups and also in tincture iodine.
- Any amount of ethanol is fully water-soluble. It is deadly to consume even a small amount of pure ethanol.
- Alcohol use for a prolonged period of time causes adverse effects.
Using a method known as fermentation, ethanol is commercially made. This is the way many other alcohols can be formed, but they are more likely to be generated through synthetic pathways – from natural gas, oil or coal. The mechanism wherein yeast decomposes sugar into carbon dioxide and alcohol is known as fermentation.