Answer: food vacuole
Using temporary finger-like extensions of the cell surface, Amoeba takes in food that fuses over the food particle that forms a food vacuole. Complex compounds are broken down into simpler ones within the food vacuole, which then diffuse into the cytoplasm. The residual undigested material is transferred to the cell’s surface and thrown out.
- Ingestion: When a food particle is near the Amoeba, it forms temporary finger-like projections called pseudopodia around the food particle and engulfs it.
- Digestion: The food is digested in the food vacuole with the help of enzymes.
- Absorption: It is then absorbed in the cytoplasm of the Amoeba by diffusion.