Catenation is self linking property of carbon. Catenation can be defined as the self-linking of atoms of an element to form chains and rings. This definition can be extended to include the formation of layers like two-dimensional catenation and space lattices like three-dimensional catenation.
Catenation of Carbon
Carbon has a unique nature in that it is able to catenate and form millions of organic compounds. Carbon shows the property of catenation to the maximum extent.
- Carbon may form bonds with other atoms of carbon. This carbon property is known as catenation,
- Carbon can form a long chain due to catenation hence bonding with other carbon atoms.
- By catenation, carbon can produce single, double and triple bonds.