Answer: The Correct answer is option (iii) – A and B only
- The Indian Union is based on the principles of federalism. The Constitution declared India as a Union of States
- Several princely states joined India, soon after Independence,
- A two-tier system of government was originally provided by the Constitution of India.
- This 2 tier system had the state Government and Central Government, which represented the Union of India.
- Later, in the form of Municipalities and Panchayats, a third tier of federalism was added through Constitutional amendment.
- Separate jurisdiction is enjoyed by these different tiers, just like any other federation.
- The legislative powers between State and Union Governments was clearly divided by the Constitution – thus, it contains three lists: Union List, State List and Concurrent List.
- In Sri Lanka, Tamil leaders want a federal system of government, but Sri Lanka continues to be a Unitary system where the complete powers are concentrated in the hands of the Central Government.