Ploughing is the process of loosening and digging of soil using a plough. This helps in proper aeration of the soil.
The process of loosening and turning the soil is called ploughing (tilling). Before sowing the seeds, it is necessary to loosen and turn the soil in the fields as to break it to the size of the grains which is done with the help of three main implements or tools to plough are hoe and cultivator. After ploughing, the soil is distributed evenly and levelled in the process called levelling. The soil is then manured.
How does Ploughing help?
Ploughing includes loosening and digging of soil. Ploughing is beneficial in the following ways
- During ploughing, the soil becomes loose and the nutrients in deep soil come to the top.
- Aeration of soil will increase thus air is available for breathing and roots are easily penetrated between soil.
- Other purposes of ploughing are the integration of manure, uprooting of weeds, removal of infectious pathogens, insects etc.
- Ploughs of wood or iron are used for this purpose. Bullocks or tractors are used to pull this plough.
- Hoe is another tool used to uproot weeds and to loose soil.