Define polar and non-polar solvents

A solvent is a liquid that works as the medium for a reaction. The definitions of polar and non-polar solvents are given below

Polar solvent

  • Polar solvents are the solvents that have large dipole moments and possesses charge separation, and the ability to solvate that is dissolved, ions and other polar materials.
  • They contain bonds between atoms with very different electronegativities, such as oxygen and hydrogen. a polar solvent is a solvent which possesses charge separation, and, maybe, the ability to solvate that is dissolved, ions and other polar materials.

Nom polar solvents

  • Non-polar solvents are the solvents that are composed of atoms that have small differences in electronegativity are called non-polar solvents.
  • They contain bonds between atoms with similar electronegativities, such as carbon and hydrogen (think hydrocarbons, such as gasoline). Bonds between atoms with similar electronegativities will lack partial charges; it’s this absence of charge which makes these molecules “non-polar”.

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