Distinguish between coming together federations and holding together federations with example


Federalism can be defined as a system of government in which the powers are divided between the centre and its constituent parts such as states or provinces. It is an institutional procedure to accommodate two sets of politics, one at the centre or national level and second at the regional or provincial level.

Two types of federations

  • Holding together federations
  • Coming together federations

Difference between the two federations

The difference between federations are tabulated below

Holding together federation Coming together federation
When a large country chooses to divide its authority between the member states and the central government, federalism is regarded as holding together federalism. Independent states join together on their own to form a larger unit is known as Coming together federalism
In holding together federation, the central power always will maintain its dominance over constituent units which results in the lack of sovereignty often. In the Coming Together Federation, the central government and the state always seem to have equal powers.
Example: India, Spain, Belgium Examples – USA, Australia, Switzerland


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