Distinguish between the Unitary and Federal systems of government.

Federal government Unitary government
  • The system has multiple hierarchy levels, with both the central authority and the states (or provinces) both being sovereign.
  • There is no hierarchy of sovereign powers.
  • The central or national rules override the state rules.
  • States have no authority to pass their own laws, and the central or national government can order the states to do anything.
  • There is a balance between the levels of government.
  • The federal government has a huge percentage of the power. Examples include Japan and Saudi Arabia.
  • Power and responsibilities are shared between national and local levels.

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