Enzymes, vitamins and hormones, all help in regulating different metabolic processes in the body.
Vitamins are organic compounds required by the body in small amounts for metabolism, protection, health maintenance, and proper growth. Vitamins also assist in the formation of hormones, blood vessels, nervous system chemicals and genetic materials. In addition, vitamins are vital to the proper functioning of enzymes. Vitamin C is connected with the formation of the intercellular “glue” in bones, connective tissue, and cartilage.
Enzymes are protein molecules that act as catalysts. For example, an equilibrium between carbon dioxide, water, and carbonic acid functions as the red blood cells pick up carbon dioxide from muscles, transport it to the lungs, and then release it during respiration.
Hormones are chemical messengers produced by the endocrine glands and are transported by the bloodstream to various areas of the body. They can be steroids, polypeptide chains, or proteins. These compounds, when released into the bloodstream or other body fluids, travel throughout the body.