Explain the term waves

A wave is a disturbance in a medium that carries energy without a net movement of particles. It may take the form of elastic deformation, a variation of pressure, electric or magnetic intensity, electric potential, or temperature. In this article will learn about the types and properties of waves.

Examples of waves

Few examples of waves are water wave, lightwave, electromagnetic wave, sound wave, seismic wave (earthquakes).

Types of waves

Listed below are types of waves

  • Transverse waves
  • Longitudinal waves
  • Electromagnetic waves
  • Mechanical waves
  • Matter waves

Properties of waves

Wave can be described by its properties. Here are few properties of waves

  • Amplitude –  Amplitude is the height of the wave, normally measured in meters.
  • Wavelength – The distance between identical points in the adjacent cycles of crests of a wave is called a wavelength.
  • Period – The period of a wave is the time for a particle on a medium to make one complete vibrational cycle.
  • Frequency – The frequency of a wave is the number of waves passing a point in a certain time.
  • Speed- The speed of a wave refers to the distance travelled by a given point on the wave (crest) in a given interval of time.

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