Haloalkanes are the hydrocarbons in which one or more hydrogen atoms have been replaced with halogen atoms. Haloalkanes are commonly referred to as alkyl halides. In these compounds, the halogens are typically bound to sp3 hybridised carbon atoms. Haloalkanes are more chemically reactive than their parent alkanes due to the presence of halogens. These compounds also have a variety of medicinal applications.
Example of a tertiary haloalkane
Examples of tertiary haloalkane are
- 2 – Bromo – 2 – methylpentane
- 3 – Chloro – 3 – methylpentane