Cytoplasm refers to a transparent material that has a translucent and semi-fluid body. Furthermore, the word ‘cyto’ means cell, and the word ‘plasm’ stands for liquid. Therefore, protoplasm refers to a jelly-like substance where various biological and chemical activities take place.
Difference between cytoplasm and protoplasm
|The semi-solid material exists between the cell membrane and the nucleus. Mostly formed of water and constitutes half of the volume of the cell.||It surrounds the cell membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus. It constitutes both the nucleus and cytoplasm.|
|Cytoplasm involves various organelles like Golgi body, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, lysosomes, ribosomes, etc., except the nucleus||Protoplasm involves both the nucleus and cytoplasm. So, protoplasm = cytoplasm + nucleus|
|Jelly like substance containing proteins, water, food reserves, and metabolic wastes.||Protoplasm comprises carbohydrates, nucleic acid, proteins, lipids, and inorganic salts.|