How does protoplasm differ from cytoplasm?

Cytoplasm refers to a transparent material that has a translucent and semi-fluid body. Furthermore, the word ‘cyto’ means cell, and the word ‘plasm’ stands for liquid. Therefore, protoplasm refers to a jelly-like substance where various biological and chemical activities take place.

Difference between cytoplasm and protoplasm

Cytoplasm Protoplasm
The semi-solid material exists between the cell membrane and the nucleus. Mostly formed of water and constitutes half of the volume of the cell. It surrounds the cell membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus. It constitutes both the nucleus and cytoplasm.
Cytoplasm involves various organelles like Golgi body, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, lysosomes, ribosomes, etc., except the nucleus Protoplasm involves both the nucleus and cytoplasm. So, protoplasm = cytoplasm + nucleus
Jelly like substance containing proteins, water, food reserves, and metabolic wastes. Protoplasm comprises carbohydrates, nucleic acid, proteins, lipids, and inorganic salts.

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