Both binary fission and multiple fission are asexual reproduction and occur with the presence of only one parent.
In binary fission, the parent cell divides itself into two equal and identical daughter cells. It is the most common form of reproduction in prokaryotes such as bacteria.
In multiple fission, a single parent cell is divided into many daughter cells. It is the most common form of reproduction in protists and in some parasitic species.
Listed below are some important differences between binary fission and multiple fission
Differences between Binary Fission and Multiple Fission
|2 daughter cells are formed from the splitting of the parent’s cell or Nucleus.||Many daughter cells are formed from the splitting of the parent’s cell or Nucleus.|
|Occurs during favourable conditions.||Occurs during unfavourable conditions.|
|Divides only once.||Divides repeatedly.|
|Both the Nucleus and cytoplasm divide simultaneously.||First, the nucleus divides and is surrounded by cytoplasm.|
|Includes a definite pattern of division.||Has no definite pattern of division.|
|Example: Amoeba, Bacteria, Euglena, etc.,||Example: Plasmodium, Sporozoans, Algae, etc.|
For more information on Binary fission, its process and other modes of Reproduction, visit us at BYJU’S Biology.