There are four major directions: North, South, East and West.
A map is a representation or a drawing of the earth’s surface or a part of it drawn on a flat surface according to a scale. But it is impossible to flatten a round shape completely. There are three components of Maps which are distance, direction and symbol.
In the upper right-hand corner of most maps, there is an arrow labelled with the letter ‘N’. This arrow points in the direction of north. It’s known as the north line. When you know which direction is north, you will figure out which direction is east, west, or south. There are four major directions, North, South, East and West. They are called cardinal points. Other four intermediate directions are north-east (NE), southeast(SE), south-west (SW) and north-west (NW). We can locate any place more accurately with the help of these intermediate directions.