How many types of Agriculture are there in India?

Answer:

Overall, there are 9 different types of agriculture or farming in India. It depends on the availability of irrigational facilities, climatic conditions, and nature of land. These 9 different types of agriculture in India are listed below:

  1. Commercial agriculture
  2. Plantation agriculture
  3. Subsistence agriculture
  4. Shifting agriculture
  5. Extensive farming
  6. Terrace agriculture
  7. Intensive farming
  8. Wetland farming
  9. Dry Land farming

Commercial agriculture – Some of the important commercial crops are corn, sugarcane, wheat, cotton, etc. Commercial agriculture is mainly practiced to raise crops on a large scale, and export the produce to other countries and earn good revenues. This type of agriculture is practiced in the Indian states of Maharashtra, Punjab, Gujarat, and Haryana.

Plantation Agriculture – This type of agriculture is practiced to grow fruit crops, spices, tea, coffee, rubber, coconut, etc. Plantation agriculture is also practiced with the intention of exporting to other countries and earning huge revenues. Plantation Agriculture is mainly practiced in the Indian states of Maharashtra, Assam, Karnataka, and Kerala.

Subsistence Agriculture – This type of agriculture is mainly practiced in small pieces of land holdings by poor farmers. Here the produce is mainly consumed by the poor farmer’s family. In this type of agriculture, high yielding varieties of seeds, fertilizers are not used.

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