In Carbohydrates, the ratio of Hydrogen: Oxygen is ________

Carbohydrates can be represented by the stoichiometric formula (CH2O)n, where n is the number of carbons in the molecule. Therefore, the ratio of carbon to hydrogen to oxygen is 1:2:1 in carbohydrate molecules.  Carbohydrates are the main source of energy for the body.

Carbohydrates are essential macromolecules that are classified into three subtypes: monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides.

  • Monosaccharides are simple sugars made up of three to seven carbons, and they can exist as a linear chain or as ring-shaped molecules. Glucose, galactose, and fructose are monosaccharide isomers.
  • Disaccharides (di- = “two”) form when two monosaccharides undergo a dehydration reaction
  • A long chain of monosaccharides linked by glycosidic bonds is known as a polysaccharide (poly- = “many”).

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