Kaziranga National Park is one of the most famous parks of India and is known for its one-horned rhinoceros.
About Kaziranga National Park
- Kaziranga National Park is one of India’s oldest reserve areas.
- It is located in Golaghat and Nagaon, in the Karbi Anglong district of Assam in northeast India.
- The park is administered by the forest department of the Assam State Government.
- The park also has elephants, swamp deer, wild water buffalo, etc. It also has a wide range of flora.
- It also has 15 threatened species of fauna. It is also a breeding ground for many species of big cats like leopards and Bengal tigers.
- It also has many species of birds and is designated as an ‘Important Bird Area’ by Birdlife International.
- The park has about 2413 rhinos.
- In March 2020, Kaziranga National Park was selected as one among the 17 Iconic Tourist Sites of the country by the Indian Government.
About one-horned rhinoceros
The greater one-horned rhinoceros is the largest of the three Asian rhinos and, together with African white rhinos, is the largest of all rhino species.
It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.
With at least half of the total population of rhinos, India’s Kaziranga National Park remains a critical reserve for this species.
The greater one-horned rhino is identified by a single black horn about 8-25 inches long and a grey-brown hide with skin folds, which gives it an armour-plated appearance.
They primarily graze, with a diet consisting almost entirely of grasses as well as leaves, branches of shrubs and trees, fruit, and aquatic plants.