Kaziranga national park is famous for?

Kaziranga National Park is one of the most famous parks of India and is known for its one-horned rhinoceros.

About Kaziranga National Park

  • Kaziranga National Park is one of India’s oldest reserve areas.
  • It is located in Golaghat and Nagaon, in the Karbi Anglong district of Assam in northeast India.
  • The park is administered by the forest department of the Assam State Government.
  • The park also has elephants, swamp deer, wild water buffalo, etc. It also has a wide range of flora.
  • It also has 15 threatened species of fauna. It is also a breeding ground for many species of big cats like leopards and Bengal tigers.
  • It also has many species of birds and is designated as an ‘Important Bird Area’ by Birdlife International.
  • The park has about 2413 rhinos.
  • In March 2020, Kaziranga National Park was selected as one among the 17 Iconic Tourist Sites of the country by the Indian Government.

About one-horned rhinoceros

  • The greater one-horned rhinoceros is the largest of the three Asian rhinos and, together with African white rhinos, is the largest of all rhino species.

  • It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.

  • With at least half of the total population of rhinos, India’s Kaziranga National Park remains a critical reserve for this species.

  • The greater one-horned rhino is identified by a single black horn about 8-25 inches long and a grey-brown hide with skin folds, which gives it an armour-plated appearance.

  • They primarily graze, with a diet consisting almost entirely of grasses as well as leaves, branches of shrubs and trees, fruit, and aquatic plants.

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